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When Timothy Ingraham married Abigail Eddy in the 1700's, Abigail knew who her parents, grandparents, and great-grandparents were.
- Samuel Eddy and Elizabeth Savory
- Obadiah Eddy and Bennet Ellis
- Benjamin Eddy and Abigail Pratt
Samuel Eddy (1608-1687) and Elizabeth Savory (1607-1689)
Samuel Eddy was born on 15 May 1608 in Cranbrook, Kent, England. He was the son of William Eddy and Mary Fosten. The Eddies are rooted in England, as are the Ingrahams, and both families' histories begin in the early 1600s, but not a lot is known about Samuel Eddy’s life in England. The first Ingraham — Richard — and Samuel Eddy came to the United States within five years of each other. It’s entirely possible that the Ingrahams knew the Eddies before they were connected in marriage, as both families lived in similar places.
Samuel inherited money from his father and he used that money to purchase his passage to America, paying for a place on the Handmaid under John Grant — leaving from London on August 10, 1630, and arriving at Plymouth Harbour on October 29, 1630. He came with his brother, John. They originally intended to make connections with some distant relations, who had come earlier to New England, but they were not permitted to stay in Boston because they had not obtained testimonial letters. The brothers returned to Plymouth and Samuel decided to remain there.
Samuel had learned his trade as a tailor in England and he intended to continue that in the New England colonies. He took in servant apprentices and he was able to purchase a house with what remained of his inheritance. He lived there from 1631 to 1645. On January 1, 1632 or 1633, Samuel was admitted to the “freedom of the colony” and received the oath. Samuel was also on a list of men able to bear arms in 1643 in the Plymouth Colony.
Sometime before the birth of their first child, Samuel married Elizabeth. Her maiden name is uncertain, but she is believed to be the sister of Thomas Savory of Plymouth, so it is generally assumed that her last name is Savory. Elizabeth had been born in 1607 in Plymouth, and that is where Samuel and Elizabeth settled down. At the time of their marriage, Samuel was 22; Elizabeth, 21.
On 26 June 1678 the town of Plymouth paid Samuel five shillings for the work he did “in time of the war in making clothes for soldiers.” He and Elizabeth were both members of the Plymouth Church, which included their death dates in their records.
Samuel purchased a house and a garden in 1633, and over the next several years he purchased numerous homes and gardens, paying his taxes, and he left some of this land to his sons upon his death.
It is believed that Samuel and Elizabeth had eight children:
- John b. 25 Dec 1637 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts
- Hannah b. 27 Jun 1637 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts (probably died in infancy)
- Zachariah [Zachary] b. 1638 in Of, Providence, Providence, Rhode Island
- Caleb b. 1642 in New Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts
- Obadiah b. 1645 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts [See Obadiah Eddy and Bennett Ellis below.]
- Hannah b. 23 Jun 1647 in Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts
- Elizabeth b. 1649 in New Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts
- Samuel b. 1649 in Of, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts
According to The Great Migration Begins: Sketches, in April 1645, Samuel and Elizabeth agreed to have their son, John, live with Francis Goulder and his wife, until he turned 21 (he was 7 at the time). He was to be “their servant” and receive “meat, drink and apparel during the said term.”
In March of 1646, they agreed that their son, Zachery, be sent to live with Mr. John Browne of Rehoboth. Zachery was also seven and would be brought up “in his [Mr. Browne’s] employment of husbandry, or any business he shall see meet for the good of their child” until he reaches 21 years of age.
On 4 March 1652, they made a similar arrangement with Mr. Browne for their son, Caleb, who was 9 years old at the time.
In 1681, Samuel and Elizabeth moved to Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts. He died there on 12 Nov 1687, at the age of 79. Elizabeth died two years later, on 24 May 1689, at the age of 82.
For more information regarding the lives of Samuel and Elizabeth, take a look at The Great Migration Begins: Sketches, as well as the nine-page document submitted by an Eddy descendant to ancestry.com.
Obadiah Eddy (1645-1727) and Bennett Ellis (1648-1702)
Obadiah Eddy was born in 1645 in Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. He was the son of Samuel Eddy and Elizabeth Savory.
Obadiah married Bennett Ellis between 1668 and 1672, also in Plymouth, Massachusetts1. Bennett had been born in Sandwich, Barnstable County, Massachusetts, on 27 Feb 1648. She was the daughter of John Ellis and Elizabeth Freeman.
Obadiah and Bennett were descendants of Englishmen who arrived in Plymouth in 1620 and later. Obadiah’s father, Samuel, had been born in England and had immigrated to Plymouth in 1630. He had married Obadiah’s mother, Elizabeth Savory, shortly after his arrival. All of Obadiah’s siblings were born in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Bennett’s father was also English-born, but it is not known when he came to Massachusetts or where his wife, Bennett’s mother, was born.
Bennett and Obadiah had a dozen children, all of them born in Massachusetts, but in several different cities. They were:
- Hazadiah b. 18 Apr 1672 in (probably) Plymouth, Massachusetts
- Benjamin b. 1673 in Middleborough, Plymouth, Massachusetts [See Benjamin Eddy and Abigail Pratt below.]
- Samuel b. 1674 in Middleborough, Plymouth, Massachusetts
- Zachariah b. ABT 1677 in Hatfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts
- Bennet b. ABT 1678 in Middleborough, Massachusetts
- Joel b. ABT 1678 in Halifax, Plymouth, Massachusetts
- Jabez b. 1679 in Carver, Plymouth, Massachusetts
- Mercy b. ABT 1680 in Carver, Plymouth, Massachusetts
- Hannah b. 1681 in Middleborough, Plymouth, Massachusetts
- Elizabeth b. 1683 in Middleborough, Plymouth, Massachusetts
- Mary b. ABT 1684 in Middleborough, Plymouth, Massachusetts
- John b. 22 Mar 1699 in (probably) Plymouth, Massachusetts
If Bennett gave birth to her last child in 1699, she would have been 50 years old, so some of these names and dates may not be correct.
One can speculate as to why they moved to numerous towns: one idea being that Obadiah’s occupation was not a farmer or a merchant but rather something that took him from town to town. A salesman, perhaps. However, the primary occupations at that time were farming, fishing, and lumbering. If Obadiah worked other men’s land, he would have possibly moved from place to place.
They did, however, remain in Plymouth County throughout most of their lives with only a few years in Hampshire County, the farthest they got from Plymouth. Plymouth County is located on the east side of the state, a part of the “boot” peninsula extending south of the main part of the state (red area on the map). 2 Bennett was born in Barnstable County, an adjacent county, and died in Bristol County, another adjacent county.
Bennett died 21 Jan 1702 in Bristol County, Massachusetts, at the age of 53. Her youngest daughter, Mary, was 18 at her death.
Obadiah died 25 years later — on 6 Nov 1727 — in Plymouth, Massachusetts. He was 82 years old. He may have married Sally Ellis (a sister of Bennett’s?) after Bennett died in 1702.
Benjamin Eddy (1673-1752) and Abigail Pratt (1692-1747)
Benjamin Eddy was born in 1673 in Middleborough, Plymouth County, Massachusetts. He was the third of twelve children born to Obadiah Eddy and Bennett Ellis.
Middleborough is located about 30 miles south of Boston and 20 miles west of Plymouth, the landing site of the Mayflower and the first Pilgrims. Plymouth was settled in 1620 and, forty years later, Middleboro got its start, no doubt with descendants of some of the Mayflower families. Benjamin’s father had been born in Plymouth, married in Plymouth, and died in Plymouth. He did live in Middleboro for part of his life, however, and several of his children, including Benjamin, were born there.
Middleboro was first settled in 1660 as Nemasket, which was later changed to Middlebury and was officially incorporated as Middleborough in 1669. The name "Middlebury" was taken from a place in England, and changed to the more modern "Middleborough“ later. During King Philip’s War (1675-76), the town's entire populace took shelter within a fort constructed along the Nemasket River. This would have been just two years after Benjamin’s birth. The fort was eventually abandoned and the population withdrew to the greater shelter of Plymouth colony; in their absence, the entire village was burned to the ground, and it would be several years before the town would be refounded. Most likely, Benjamin returned there in his youth, but certainly after he was married, since all of his children were born there.
Benjamin married Abigail Pratt on 8 Nov 1716 in Scituate, Plymouth, Massachusetts. He was 43; she was 24. It is possible that he had been married before.
Abigail had been born on 5 Nov 1692 in Plymouth, Massachusetts. She was the daughter of Jonathan Pratt and Margaret Low.
Benjamin and Abigail had at least four children:
- Joel b. 27 Aug 1717 in Middleboro, Plymouth, Massachusetts
- Abigail b. 13 May 1725 in Middleboro, Plymouth, Massachusetts 3
- Elizabeth b. 25 Aug 1727 in Middleboro, Plymouth, Massachusetts
- Benjamin b. 19 Jan 1730 in Middleboro, Plymouth, Massachusetts
Information about the lives of Benjamin and Abigail is limited and there are conflicting records on ancestry.com. It is believed, however, that Abigail died in 1747, at the age of 55. Benjamin died five years later, in 1752, at the age of 79.
This page written and researched by Susan Overturf Ingraham, wife of Robert Philip Ingraham, a descendant of the Eddy Family. Page last updated on March 30, 2016.