Jonathan Ingraham and Mary Haward Civil War Soldier

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Jonathan Ingraham (1760-1847) and Mary/MOLLY Howard/HAWARD (c. 1770-BEF 1840)

The Future Soldier

Jonathan Ingraham was born 4 April 1760 in Berkely, Bristol County, Massachusetts. His presence in this world is well-documented, especially since he was a Revolutionary War soldier. He was the son of Timothy Ingraham and Abigail Eddy. Jonathan’s father died when he was only about eight years old.

Jonathan can be found in the Censuses for 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, and 1840. Names of the head of the household were the only names given, so his wife, Mary (or Molly) is never named, just identified as a female of a certain age. As a result, it is much harder to determine her presence. She appears to be in the 1800 and 1810 Censuses, but there is no female over the age of 45 in the 1820 Census. Then in 1830, a 60-70 year old female is present, which could be Mary if she was born in 1770. By 1840, Jonathan is living alone.

Fighting for a New Country

Jonathan joined the American Revolution when he was not more than 15 years old. In 1780, Jonathan enlisted for a 16-month period of service with the Continental Army. The war was a struggle by the thirteen British colonies on the North American continent to be free of Great Britain’s rule. Jonathan’s story is in the National Archives in his own words, as he told it when he was an old man applying for a military pension. He was involved in numerous campaigns, including:

After Jonathan’s service, he moved to Pelham, Massachusetts and, in 1787, he signed a petition for the release of a prisoner at the time of the Shay’s Rebellion, which was an armed uprising, mostly by small farmers, in Western Massachusetts in 1786. The men were led by Daniel Shays and were angry at their excessive debts and high taxes and the fact that men were often imprisoned if they couldn’t pay. The rebellion began in 1786 but the Massachusetts militia defeated the rebels in February of 1787.

After war — Marriage and a Family

At the age of 28, after his service in the military, Jonathan married Mary Howard (or perhaps Molly Haward?) in Pelham, Hampshire County. It was 11 July 1788. He was 28 years old and an experienced soldier. As already mentioned, not a great deal is known about Jonathan’s wife; it is thought that she was born on 16 Nov 1760 in Mendon, Massachusetts. There are limited resources that identify Jonathan’s wife, but some say Mary Howard, others say Molly Haward. They did name a daughter Mary Howard, and a son named David Howard, so this would suggest that her name was more likely Mary Howard. It would seem after a lot of military and political activism, Jonathan settled down, farmed, and had a family.

Jonathan and Mary had at least seven children:

Settling Down in New Ashford

Jonathan and Mary moved to far northeast Massachusetts to a small town named New Ashford in the beautiful Berkshire Hills before 1800. Here, they raised their family and both died in the area. At least one son, David, is known to have remained in the area for his lifetime as well.

Berkshire County is located on the western edge of the state of Massachusetts. Its county seat is Pittsfield and the Berkshire hills are in the centre of the county. New Ashford is located in the northwestern region of the county, close to the border with New York. 3 It remains mostly rural today, so it was undoubtedly a rural area then. Today, however, it is considered part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. New Ashford was first settled in 1762 (just two years after Jonathan was born) and incorporated in 1835 (which was before Jonathan’s death).

Jonathan died of “internal cancer” on 26 April 1847 in New Ashford, Massachusetts. He was 87 years old. It is not known when Mary died, but there is some evidence to suggest that it was after 1847.

This page written and researched by Susan Overturf Ingraham, wife of Robert Philip Ingraham, a descendant of Jonathan Ingraham and Mary Howard. This page last updated on March 7, 2016.

Return to Table of Contents for Exploring My Husband's Ancestral Roots: Ingrahams, Herricks, Moshers, and Brands

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  1. These three dots behave exactly like a footnote. Click on them and you will get more information about the topic. 

  2. For more about David's life, click on his name. 

  3. Map courtesy of Wikipedia.