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Minerva Lake Marries Simon Fuller Overturf
The Overturfs had a proud history, and when Simon Fuller Overturf married Minerva Lake, she, too, had a proud family history. This page will discuss Minerva’s great-great-grandparents, great-grandparents, grandparents, and parents:
- William Lake and Ann L. Redman (great-great grandparents)
- Vincent Lake Sr. and Anne (great-grandparents)
- Vincent Lake Jr. and Francis Drummond (grandparents)
- Jessie Lake and Elizabeth Ann English (parents)
William Lake (1710-AFT 1760) and Ann L. Redman (1708-1740)
William Lake was born in 1710 in St. Mary’s County, Maryland. It is believed that he was the son of John Leake and Mary French; however, research on his parents had been difficult and not yet resolved. This surname is often spelled Leake or Leek in court records. The Lakes came originally from England — it began as a surname for anyone who lived near a lake.
William married Ann Leake Redmon in about 1731. She was the daughter of John Redmon and Ann Cox. She was born in 1708 in in Fair Fax County, Virginia.
At the time of their marriage, William would have been 21, and Ann, 23.
William and Ann had several children. They were:
- John b. 13 Sep 1732, Fauquier County, Virginia; d. 3 Jan 1807, Fauquier County, Virginia
- Vincent Sr. b. 1735, Dorchester County, Maryland; d. 1813, Culpepper County, Virginia (now Rappanahannock County) [See Vincent Lake Sr. and Anne below.]
- Anne b. 1737. Married David Payne [In the William and Mary Quarterly (2nd series) v. 4 P. 117, 1758-61, from the ledger of Daniel Payne, merchant of Dumfries, Prince William County, Virginia: “Ann Lake, Wm. Lake’s dau.” Many people in what is now Fauquier County were customers of Mr. Payne, according to the abstracts in this article. Dumfries was a major port at that time.
- William Jr. b. 1740, St. Mary’s County, Maryland; d. Oct 1826, Harrison County, West Virginia.
- Elizabeth Redmon b. 1740 d. 1740
The grandson of John Lake states that John Lake with two brothers named William and Vincent in about the year 1754 with their wives and other members of the family migrated from St. Mary’s County, Maryland, to Virginia.
In the 1987 Virginia Genealogist there is a 1758/9 Ledger of John Glassford. Purchasers at the Dumfries Store are listed as “Lake, John, son of Wm. Lake” (p. 173) and “Lake, William” (pp 120, 183). The William Lake mentioned here could be the father of William, John and Vincent Lake.
In the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy Vol. 30, #2 (P. 101) and #3 (P. 173), there are lists of Prince William County for 1765. There are two tithable lists for Dettingen Parish. The first lists “Wm. Lake, 2 tithes.” The second lists “Wm. Leke, Wm. Leke, Jun, 2 tithes.”
Anne died in 1740 (at the age of 32), as did her daughter, Elizabeth Redmon, so it may be that she died in childbirth. Ann died in Fairfax County, Virginia, but William moved on. He survived at least another twenty years, dying after 1760 in Prince William County, Virginia.
Vincent Lake Sr. (1735-1813) and Anne (1735-AFT 1820)
Vincent Lake was born in 1735 in Dorchester County, Maryland. He was the son of William Lake and Ann Redmon.
Vincent married Anne in about 1759 in Culpepper, Virginia. She was born in 1735 in Virginia. Both were 24 years old.
The children of Vincent Lake and Anne, all born in Fauquier County, Virginia, over a period of 28 years, are believed to be:
- Milly b. 1755; d. 26 Jul 1832, Salem Twp, Muskingham, Ohio. Married Robert H. Foster, 25 Dec 1786.
- William b. 1767; d. 11 Sep 1847, Licking County, Ohio. Married Jane, 1796.
- Elizabeth b. 1769. Married Thomas Bryan (questionable).
- Thomas b. 1771.
- John b. 1771; d. 1854, Front Royal, Warren Co, VA. Married Mary Lake.
- Vincent Jr b. 1773; d. 1825, Shenandoah County, Virginia. Married(1) Frances Drummond; (2) Rachel Lott. [See Vincent Lake Jr. and Francis Drummond below.]
- Willis Sr b. 1776; d. 15 Oct 1871, Hopewell Twp, Licking Co, Ohio. d.15 October 1871, Hopewell Twp, Licking Co, Ohio.Married Nancy Anne Grigsby.
- Miss Lake b. 1778; d. BEF 1820, Harristown, Macon, Illinois. Married Benjamin McCashland. (questionable)
- James b. 1779; d. 1859, Warren, Virginia. Married Susanna Redding.
- Redman Sr b. 14 Dec 1781; d. 20 Sep 1834, Hopewell Twp, Licking, OH. Married (1) Lydia Drum; (2) Letticia Robinson.
- Elias b. 1783; d. Bet. 1850-1860, Rappahannock County, Virginia. Married Nancy Jenkins. (questionable)
Anne would have been 48 years old when her last child, Elias, was born in 1783.
Vincent died in 1813 in Culpepper County, Virginia, when his youngest son was 30 years old. Anne survived for another seven years. She died in 1820, also in Culpepper County, Virginia.
Vincent Lake Jr. (1773-1825) and Francis Drummond (1775-AFT November 1819)
Vincent Lake, Jr., was born in 1773 in Fauquier County, Virginia. He was the son of Vincent Lake, Sr., and Anne 2.
In 1793, the “Fauquier County Marriage Register, Book 1, page 580 says: “Know all men by these presents that we Vincent Leake and Thomas Drummond are...bound...in the sum of $150 15 January 1793. The condition...is...that there is a marriage shortly intended...between Vincent Leeke and Frances Drummon for which a licence [late] issued.” Vincent Leeke and William Drummon sign with marks. [Note the text says Thomas, but the signature says William Drummond.]
Vincent married Francis Drummond on 15 January 1793 in Leeds Parish, Fauquier County, Virginia. Frances had been born in 1775 in Fauquier County, Virginia.
Vincent and Francis had nine children, all born in Harrison County, Virginia (now West Virginia). They are:
- Sarah b. 1792 in Harrison County, West Virginia d. April 1862 in Green, Ohio
- Elizabeth b. 1796 in Harrison County, West Virginia. d. 1896 in Ohio.
- Elijah b. 8 January 1798, Harrison Co VA (now WVA) d. 20 September 1873 in Bennington Twp, Licking, Co, OH
- Vincent b. 28 June 1800 in Harrison, Virginia d. 7 July 1882 in Jefferson, Jay, Indiana
- Sanford b. 1801 in Harrison, West Virginia d. 31 January 1862 in Bennington, Licking, Ohio
- Jessie Vincent 16 October 1802, Harrison Co, VA (now WVA) d. 9 June 1884 Bennington Twp, Licking Co, Ohio [See Jessie Lake and Elizabeth Ann English below.]
- Lewis b. 1806, Harrison Co, VA (now WVA) d. 1871, possibly in Ohio.
After the birth of their son, Lewis, between 1807 and 1812, Vincent and Frances migrated from Virginia to Ohio. Frances died after 21 November 1819 in Licking County, Ohio. Vincent married Rachel Lott on 12 November 1819, also in Licking County, Ohio. She would have taken over motherhood responsibilities for at least one son, Lewis, only 13 years old. As well, she gave birth to two more children: George Washington, b. 1821, and Mary Jane, b. 1822.
LIcking County is located in the middle of the state. Ohio was the 17th state to join the Union, doing so on 19 February 1803 (just before Vincent and Francis moved there). The earliest humans in this area were probably Paleo-Indian peoples. They were eventually followed by the people who were nomadic hunters-and-gatherers. There is not much evidence of these people as few sites have been found.
In the early years of contact between Native Americans and Europeans, there was equal participation in the fur trade, but when beaver and other game in the New York region was depleted, the Iroquois launched a war in the 1650’s known as The Beaver Wars. The Eries along the shore of Lake Erie were decimated by the Iroquois in that war.
The Iroquois proclaimed the lands as their hunting grounds. For a while, the Europeans did not venture much into Ohio, but population pressures on the Atlantic coast compelled several groups of American Indians to relocate to the Ohio County by the 1730s. From the east, Delawares and Shawnees arrived, and Wyandots and Ottawas from the north, and Miamis settled in the west.
During the 18th Century the French set up fur trading again, and when the British attempted to start business there, too, the French and their northern Indian allies drove them out, beginning with a raid on a small town in 1752. The French occupied the Ohio valley in 1753, and an attempt to drive them out led to the French and Indian War. In the end, the French ceded control to Great Britain. Much of present-day Ohio was ceded to the United States in 1795. So when Vincent arrived in about 1810, it must have seemed like a fairly calm and quiet place to raise a family.
The first mention of Vincent in Ohio occurs in 1812 in the Muskingum County, Ohio Deeds book, C. P. 527, on 15 June 1812. “Henry Clabaugh of Hopewell Twp to Vincent Lake for $150 R15T18@7 E-½ 50 acres. Wit: Thomas Newbit, John Walter.” Vincent is also on the Ohio Tax List for 1816-1817, and his marriage to Rachel Lott is in the 1819 Marriage Records for Licking County, Ohio.
In 1823, Vincent bought land in Shanandoah County (now Warren) from William Triplett. He is on the 1824 Tax List for Licking County.
Vincent died in 1825 in Shenandoah County, Virginia....or was it Licking County, Ohio? In 1824, under the “Estate Account of Vincent Lake, dec’d,” estate papers were filed in Shenandoah County, VA, yet he was in Licking County just one year before. The account is dated 1824. The earliest date on the list is September 1824. It reads: “Court Records, Virginia, Shanandoah, 11 April 1825. Administration of estate of Vincent Leake to Rachel Leak the adm.” There are two possibilities here: Vincent either went to Virginia and died there in 1825 (either while on a visit or after he had permanently decided to return), or he died in Licking County, Ohio, but his estate papers (will, etc.) were still in Virginia and thus the papers had to be filed there.
Jessie W. Lake (1802-1884) and Elizabeth Ann English (1803-1880)
Jessie W. Lake was born 16 October 1802, in Harrison County, Virginia (now West Virginia). His parents were Vincent Lake, Jr. and Francis Drummond. Sometime during his childhood, either while he was still a baby or up until the age of ten or so, his parents moved to Licking County, Ohio, and Jessie, of course, went along with them.
Jessie (whose name is spelled either Jessie or Jesse in various censuses and other documents) married Elizabeth Ann English on 22 May 1825 in Licking County, Ohio. Jessie was 23 years old and Elizabeth a year younger. She was born 22 May 1803 in Washington, Pennsylvania, but nothing is known about her parents. It is assumed that she had moved earlier to Licking County, Ohio.
It is believed that Elizabeth and Jessie had at least ten children:
- Mary Ann b. 15 Jan 1824, Bennington Twp, Licking Co, OH. d. in Illinois. Married Davy Kelso, 17 Sep 1841, Ohio.
- Lucinda b. 28 February 1826, Bennington Twp, Licking Co, OH; d. 28 Jul 1879, Bennington Twp., Licking Co., OH. Married Joseph Bigley, 4 Sep 1840, Ohio.
- Frances b. 28 December 1827, Appleton, Licking County, OH; d. 25 Aug 1896, Licking Co., OH.
- Minerva Jane b. 13 Jan 1830 in Liberty Twp, Licking County, Ohio; d. 19 Jun 1904 Elk Creek, Johnson County, NE
- George W. b. 15 Feb 1832, Bennington Twp, Licking Co, OH; d. OH. Married Ella J. Charpillear, 19 Oct 1879, OH.
- Samantha E. b. 5 May 1834, Bennington Twp, Licking Co, OH; d. AFT 1922, OH. Married William Krause, 17 Nov 1871, Licking Co, OH.
- Vincent Van Buren b. 10 October 1837, Bennington Twp, Licking Co, OH; d. 20 December 1911, Johnstown, Monroe Twp, Licking Co., OH.
- Sarah E. b. 24 April 1839, Bennington Twp, Licking Co, OH; d. 20 December 1921, Monroe Twp, Licking Co, OH.
- Jesse W. b. 4 January 1842, Hartford Twp, Licking Co, OH; d 2 January 1907, Johnstown, Monroe County, OH.
- Charlotte b. 19 Feb 1844, Bennington Twp, Licking Co, OH; d. Elk Falls, KS. Married (1) Bohan; (2) Orres Cassen.
Both Jessie and Elizabeth remained in Licking County, Ohio, throughout their married lives and several of their children either lived with them or lived nearby, even after their marriages. Eventually, however, their daughter Minerva would move west to Illinois and then to Nebraska.
Jessie and his family can be found in the 1830 and 1840 Censuses. In 1850, Jessie and Elizabeth, at 47 and 46, are living in Bennington with their children: George W., 18; Samantha, 16; Vincent, 12; Sarah, 11; Jesse, 8; and Charlotte, 6. Jessie identifies himself as a farmer with property valued at $3000. Living on neighbouring farms are their oldest daughter, Minerva, and her husband, Simon Fuller Overturf, along with their two-year-old daughter, Jane.
In 1860, Jessie Jr., at 18, is still living at home with Jessie W. and Elizabeth in Bennington, Licking County, Ohio.
Ten years later, by 1870, Jessie and Elizabeth now share their home with their son and his family: Vincent (age 33) and his wife, Amy (age 31), and Vincent and Amy’s seven children: William (13), Sarah (12), Jessie (10), Hattie (8), Dave (6), Orrie (3), and Jacob (1). By this time, however, their oldest daughter, Minerva, her husband and their children, have moved to Illinois.
So when Jessie and Elizabeth married in Licking County in 1825, it must have been seen as relatively safe and settled. Jessie appears to have avoided military service: The French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War came before his birth; the civil war came when he was in his 60’s.
Although Jessie apparently came to love the land of Ohio, as mentioned earlier, his daughter, Minerva, and her husband, Simon Fuller Overturf, left Ohio for Illinois in 1866. Minerva and her husband would eventually follow their son, John, all the way to Elk Creek, Nebraska, in 1887, three years after her father, Jessie W. Lake, died. Whether or not Jessie Lake ever travelled further west than Ohio is not known.
Elizabeth died first on 21 January 1880, and Jessie followed four years later, dying 9 June 1884. Both died in Bennington Township, Licking County, Ohio. Elizabeth was 77; Jessie was 82.
[This page researched and written by Susan Overturf Ingraham, a descendant of the Lakes through Minerva Lake. Page last updated on July 25, 2019.]